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Em bry R id dle A ero nautic a l U niv e rs it y

Abstr a ct

The FAA in the United States first implemented airport Security in 1973. It’s
requirements where that the airlines had to conduct pre-boarding security screening.
According to the Air Transportation Security Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-366, 88 Stat. 409)
required the screening of all travellers and their carry-on luggage. The FAA was
enforced by the congress to submit semi-annual reports on the success of screening
techniques. This strategy of screening travellers was executed based on the number of
hijackings on domestic flights in the United States. From 1968 and 1972, 364 residential
flights had been hijacked in the United States, mostly flights to Cuba. By the 1990s,
occurrences of hijacking were eliminated in the United States. ?The day of September
11, 2001, when terrorists hijacked four U.S. airliners American Airlines Flight 11, United
Flight 175, American Airlines Flight 77 and United Airlines Flight 93 into buildings and
one into the ground, which caused thousands to die. The Aviation and Transportation
Security Act gave the Federal Government responsibility for airport screening, and it
created the Transportation Security Agency, to conduct security in every way of
traveling.

I. S um mary

In th e e arly y e ars o f a via tio n , m ost a ir p orts w ere o pera te d b y h avin g p riv a te s e cu rit y p ers o nnel

co nduct s cre enin gs. T here w ere m any n egativ e o utc o m es w hic h o ccu re d b eca use th e c o m pany

negle cte d th e e m plo ye es s e cu rit y t r a in in gs a nd e quip m en t in o rd e r to c u t c o st. B eca use o f th is ,

th ere w ere n um ero us h ija ckin gs, th e fir s t o ccu rre d in 1 931 a nd 8 2 m ore o f s u ch c a se s in 1 969

alo ne . T his o ccu rre d e ve n th oug h a ir p orts b egun s cre e nin g p asse ngers in th e 1 950s a nd it

sh ow s th at th e s cre enin g s w ere n ot c o m pre h ensiv e . G ove rn m en ts w ere o nly s p urre d to im pro ve

ove ra ll a via tio n s e cu rit y a fte r th e fir s t b o m bin g o f a n a ir c ra ft in 1 976 in w hic h C ubana flig ht 4 55

was ta ke n d ow n b y 2 b om bs. T o b ee f u p s e cu rit y a nd to r e g ain th e c o nfid ence o f th e p ublic ,

Meta l d ete cto rs a nd X -ra y m ach in es w ere im ple m en te d in a ll a ir p o rts . A lt h ough m ore m easu re s,

su ch a s im ple m entin g s n if fin g d o gs to c o unte r th e d ru g tr a d e in dustr y th re at, w ere ta ke n to

im pro ve a via tio n s a fe ty , it w as n ot u ntil a fte r th e in fa m ou s in cid ent o f 9 /1 1 w hen a via tio n

se cu rit y w as im pro ve d.

II. P ro ble m

The p ro ble m is th at th ere w ere to o m an y th re a ts to in noce nt liv e s b eca use o f te rro ris m .

People w ere to o s ca re d t o fly b eca u se th ey fe lt u nsa fe .

III. S ig nif ic an ce o f t h e P ro ble m

The s ig nif ic a nce o f t h e p ro b le m is t h a t a via tio n s e cu rit y h ad to im ple m en t a lo t o f n ew

ru le s a nd r e gula tio ns d ue to t h e t h re at o f te rro ris m , a cco rd in g to th e T ra nsp orta tio n S ecu rit y

Adm in is tr a tio n ( T S A) w hic h w as c re ate d in N ove m be r 2 001.

Alt e rn ativ e A ctio n 1 .

Gove rn m ent p ers o n nel w ere tr a in ed t o h a ndle s cre e nin gs a t a ll a ir p o rts in th e U nit e d

Sta te s, r e pla cin g th e S ub-c o n tr a cto rs w ho w ere n ot v e ry d ilig ent in th eir d utie s.

Advan ta g es
??.
It a llo w ed c o m pa nie s to h ave b ette r tr a in ed e m plo ye es a nd g ave th em m ore

hands o n e xp erie n ce o n w ha t to d o in ca se o f a te rro ris t a tta ck.

Dis ad van ta g es.

It m eant th a t m any it e m s s u ch a s n ail c u tte rs a nd e ve n liq uid s h ad to b e b anned

and c o ntr o lle d fr o m b ein g ta ke n in to th e p la ne a s a h and-c a rr y it e m .

Alt e rn ativ e A ctio n 2 :

TS A in tr o duce d th e 2 0 L aye rs o f P ro te ctio n a nd m ea su re s s u ch a s m akin g th e fu ll b ody

sca nners m andato ry a nd a c o m puls o ry p a t d ow ns fo r p asse ngers w ho d o n ot w ant to g o

th ro ugh th e s ca nners

Advan ta g es.

Desp it e th e c o stly e xp ense t o a d d th ese la ye rs o f s e cu rit y in to th e s yste m it

pro vid es a tim ely s e arc h o f a ll p a sse nge rs to g iv e th em tim e to b oard th eir flig ht a nd

help s e nsu re s e cu rit y m ore a ccu ra te ly th an b efo re th ey w ere e m ple nte d.

Dis ad van ta g es

TS A a gents le ake d im age s f r o m th e fu ll b ody s ca nners , w hic h m ade th e p asse ngers

co m pla in a bout th e in te grit y o f th e s e arc h . S till w it h a ll th e n ew te ch nolo gy a dded to th e s yste m

th ere w ere o cca sio nal la pse s in s e cu rit y w here s o m e p ro h ib it e d it e m s s till m anaged to b e

sn eake d th ro ugh s e cu rit y c h ecks. L aste ly , T S A a gents h ave b een r e porte d a busin g th eir p ow er

by h ara ssin g p eople a nd s te alin g fr o m p asse nger’s b aggage.

Reco m men datio ns:

Durin g m y r e se arc h I s a w th at T S A a ls o h as p riv a te s e cu rit y c o ntr a cto rs w hic h a re m ore

effic ie nt a nd th ey s e em to c o ntin uously im pro ve a nd fo llo w a s tr ic te r o rd er to m ain ta in th eir

adva nta ge a nd c o ntr a ct w it h T S A. I w ould s u ggest th at T S A tr a in s th eir a gents lik e th ese

co ntr a cto r c o m panie s d o o r s im ply s w it c h to o nly u sin g th ese c o m panie s to c o nduct s e ek a nd

se arc h s ty le m is sio ns to k e ep a via tio n s e cu rit y s a fe fo r c re w m em bers a nd p asse ngers .

Refe re n ces

Seed , T . ( 2 014, O cto ber 0 8). C uban a F lig ht 4 55: R em em berin g t h e V ic tim s o f

US-S upporte d

Terro ris m . r e tr ie ved

fr o m :
??http ://w ww.g lo balr e s earc h .c a /c u ban a-f lig ht-4 55-r e m em berin g-th e-v ic tim s-o f-u s-s u p
porte d -te rro ris m /5 406960

Anonym ous. A ir p ort S ecu rit y H is to ry . ( n .d .) . R etr ie ved f r o m :

http ://i.k in ja -im g.c o m /g aw ke r-m ed ia /im ag e/u plo ad /s –9 Y q_o dZK — /1 8m j4 g b1rth r4 jp g.jp g

Mis sio n. ( 2 014, D ecem ber 2 ). R etr ie ved f r o m :

http ://w ww.t s a.g ov/a b out/t s a -m is sio n

Brin ey, J . ( 2 013, F eb ru ary 1 2 ). P riv ate A ir p ort S ec u rit y : S ho uld W e G o T here ? R etr ie ved

fr o m :

http ://w ww.c o ngre ssio n ald is h .c o m /p riv ate -a ir p ort-s ecu rit y -s h ould -w e-g o -th ere /

Edw ard s, C . 2 014, N ovem ber 1 9 . P riv a tiz in g t h e T ra n sp orta tio n S ecu rit y A dm in is tr a tio n.

Retr ie ved f r o m :

http ://w ww.c ato .o rg /p ub lic atio n s/p olic y-a n aly sis /p riv atiz in g-tr a n sp orta tio n-s ecu rit y -a d m i
nis tr a tio n

Jan e E ngle | L os A ngele s T im es S ta ff W rit e r. ( 2 0 11, J u ne 1 2). U .S . a via tio n s ecu rit y

tim elin e.

Retr ie ved f r o m :

http ://a rtic le s.la tim es.c o m /2 01 1/ju n/1 2/t r a vel/la -tr -a ir lin e-s a fe ty -tim elin e-2 0 110612

Chuch m an , M ., K re id er, R ., R oss , B . 2 01 2 S ep t 1 2. C onvic te d T S A O ffic er R eveals S ecre ts

of T hefts a t A ir p orts . ( n .d .) . R etr ie ved f r o m :

http ://a b cn ew s.g o.c o m /B lo tte r/c o nvic te d -ts a-o ffic er-r e veals -s e cre ts -th eft s -a ir p orts /s to ry ?
id =17339513

Priv atiz in g t h e T ra n sp orta tio n S ecu rit y A dm in is tr a tio n. ( n .d .) . R etr ie ved f r o m :

http ://w ww.d ow nsiz in ggovern m en t.o rg /h om ela n d-s e cu rit y /t s a

Fact S heet – W hat is t h e A ir p ort P riv atiz a tio n P ilo t P ro gra m . ( n .d .) . R etr ie ved f r o m :

http s://w ww.f a a.g ov/n ew s/f a ct_ sh ee ts /n ew s_sto ry .c fm ?new sId =14174

Safe ty & S ecu rit y . ( n .d .) . R etr ie ved f r o m :
?? ??htt p :// w ww.f ly sfo .c o m /a b ou t-s fo /s afe ty -s ecu rit y

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Tit le Your N am e Em bry R id dle A ero nautic a l U niv e rs it y Abstr a ct The FAA in the United States first implemented airport Security in 1973. (2019, May 17). Retrieved January 15, 2021, from https://midwestcri.org/tit-le-your-n-am-e-em-bry-r-id-dle-a-ero-nautic-a-l-u-niv-e-rs-it-y-abstr-a-ct-the-faa-in-the-united-states-first-implemented-airport-security-in-1973/

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