There are numerous different types of speech impairments:
Apraxia of speech –Apraxia is a motor disorder that entails the inconsistent producing and postponing of speech sounds. For example, potato may become totapo. There are two types of this speech disorder: Developmental: It is obvious from childhood and is usually there from birth. Acquired: It is apparent in adults and is normally an effect from a psychical injury or stroke.
It’s essential to adapt the way you talk, when the person you are communicating with has a Hearing impairment/deaf, Medical trouble, disability, use’s English as a second language, Special educational needs, reduced vision or blind. As we are communicating with children and young people with SEN it is significant to use the following:
-Talk clearly and properly when communicating.
-Slow your speech if required.
-Use visual aids such as pictures or flashcards.
-Use sign language.
-Uphold fine eye contact and use encouraging body language.
Someone who is deaf or hard of hearing, ensure to face the person when speaking, talk slowly or you might need to use sign language if you already know how to do it and steer clear of using facial expressions e.g., a frown since this could upset them and make them feel as though something is wrong
Children and young people with autism, can find it easier to comprehend the world around them through visual aids. Teachers may perhaps use a visual schedule showing times and easy drawings of the activities, thus the child or young person knows precisely what they will be doing and when.
A child or young person who has Poor vision or blindness, you should attend to the visually impaired child or young person by calling them by their name when talking to them. If a child has some functional vision, move them closer to the front of the class so they can see you and the board more visibly, don’t be scared to inquire what an object looks like seeing that this will aid you to understand how much they can see. For someone who doesn’t speak English very well, you will have to to speak slowly, might want to re-explain things using diverse words and you might need a translation or use visual aids.
If the situation is TA versus a child, then the odds are that the child is being argumentative and disobedient. You would need to point out the limits and make clear that it wouldn’t be sensible to cross these boundaries if the child did not mean to make the situation worse for themselves. With an adult, they tend to have their own viewpoint on the caused of the disagreement and this ought to be noted and afterwards you must peacefully put forward your point of view.