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The Secret Service, established in 1865, was a federal agency that originally resided within the Department of the Treasury. While many of us recognize the Secret Service for its role in protecting the president, the agency was originally created with a much different purpose, suppressing counterfeit currency. Protecting the nation’s financial infrastructure and payment systems to preserve the stability of our economy is one of their original missions still in effect to this day. Now under the Department of Homeland Security, the agency was part of the Treasury Department until 2003. The Secret Service to this day also investigates crimes involving United States securities, government issues, financial institution fraud, mail fraud, wire fraud, illicit financing operations, major conspiracies, cybercrime, network intrusions, identity theft, access device fraud, credit card fraud, and intellectual property crimes.
The secret service also protects any event or personnel that are assigned by the president or the secretary of homeland security. The secret service even at the federal level call upon the state, local, and military enforcements to help insure the secret services job to protect is done. The tactics and knowledge offered by these other agencies are needed to keep and maintain the president or any of the protectors in a safe environment or implement any safety measures. (www.secretservice.gov, 2018)
America’s money system was highly unorganized during the 1800s. Individual banks throughout the country issued bills and coins generating many types of legal currency, making it easy for people to counterfeit money given the fact there were so many different kinds of bills in circulation. The Secret Service began work on July 5, 1865, the same day as President Lincoln’s assassination. The success in their first year helped prove their value. In 1894, the Secret Service’s role expanded as they provided part time protection for Grover Cleveland. Although William McKinley was assassinated in 1901, Congress requested that the Secret Service provide full time presidential protection to prevent further deaths.
Since 1901, every President from Theodore Roosevelt has been under the protection of the Secret Service. In 1917, threats against the President became a felony and Secret Service protection was broadened to include all members of the president’s immediate family was, and the vice president was added in 1951. (www.nleomf.org, 2018)
Presidential and vice presidential candidates came under the Secret Service’s protection after Robert Kennedy’s assassination during the 1968 presidential election campaign. The secret service also protects any event or personnel that are assigned by the president or the secretary of homeland security. (www.nleomf.org, 2018) In 1965 the United States congress authorized the secret service to serve and protect any former president and their spouse for a lifetime after leaving office unless this protection was declined. Congress alternated this legislative decision in 1977 to change the protection service to a limit. Since the 1960s, Presidents John F. Kennedy, Gerald Ford, and Ronald Reagan have been attacked while appearing in public.
Today, the Secret Service protects the president and his immediate family, vice president and his immediate family, presidential and vice presidential candidates, former presidents and their spouses, visiting heads of foreign states or governments and their spouses, and foreign diplomatic missions in the U.S. and its territories. (www.nleomf.org, 2018)
Training for Secret Service agents include usually the first six to eight years of their career in the field conducting investigations. They also spend three to five years on a protective detail for an individual. Officers of the Uniformed Division can serve in special support programs such as the Counter Sniper Support Unit, Canine Explosives Detection Unit, Magnetometer Support Unit, or Emergency Response Team. (www.nleomf.org, 2018)
Whether it’s protecting presidents, their families, or other elected officials, the Secret Service has played a monumental role in protecting some of the most important people in United States history.

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