The concept of sustainable development was given by Nobel Laureate Simon Kuznets with respect to corporate social responsibility.
Sustainable development should aim to look forward to maintain a balance between economic outputs in current and for future.
In actual, Corporations and business leaders require to develop and implement their business models which tend to optimize the economic profit without at the cost of future generation i.e by adopting practices and policies in economic and environmental friendly technologies authentically.
Sustainability development is taken up in three ways i.e social, economic and environmental factors
Concept and application:
Tata Motors water management for environment friendly:
Tata Motors have set up comprehensive strategy for water consumption and resource for their operations which has been identified as key sustainability issue.
The water demand for processes such as painting, painting, casting, forging, fabrication etc Are required for operational locations and purposes and also large quantity of water is been used for non-industrial activities resulting out of the large number of manpower tata motors employ.
For this activity tata motors identified the importance of the work and formed a team from various divisions like Utilities, Manufacturing, Support Services, Human Resource and Technical Services such as to identify the areas to work upon for improvement and select appropriate water conservation projects and technologies to reduce water intensity.
Tata motors focuses on the commitment that conservation of critical natural resources needs to be embedded within the organizational culture.with this type of awareness amongst employees and workers regarding the urgency of action required towards water conservation. For this big notices and hoardings with people awareness at manufacturing facilities to report any observed leakage through a formal compliant.which is further attended on priority basis by dedicated team
For water conservation,technological approaches towards water conservation :
1) Maximising the use of treated effluent through filtration, Ultra Filtration, Reverse Osmosis
2) Variable frequency drive for optimization of pump Operation
3) Use of low flow faucets to reduce water consumption
The location of manufacturing units of tata motors receives their water from different sources.
Different location shares and supplied water completely from altogether different ways and location like Water at Pune is supplied completely by municipality while for Sanand and Jamshedpur, we draw water from rivers / surface water sources. But at lucknow and pantnagar ground water is used for water requirement. For saving these natural water resources rain water harvesting facilities has been started dedicatedly in order to reduce our dependence of precious ground water resource.At Dharwad, water is sourced from mixed sources which includes municipal supply, ground water withdrawal and harvested rain water.
A study has been carried out to know in detail about water related risk at operations and plants too draw water from sources which significantly affect the water availability.
At the Sanand plant, the rain water was washed as run off till now with very little rainfall percolating the
Underground water table.
For checking the cost of fresh water purchasing, it is decided to establish three water retention ponds of 78 crore litres capacity. This step was mainly taken taken to enhance water availability in and around the plant area by coming up with a viable & cheaper solution to collect the precious water drops falling from the sky and diverting maximum possible water to the ground water by suitable rainwater harvesting structures.
These water retention ponds have been designed in such away that all rainwater and runoff generated within plan is going to accommodate in them. This has led to ultimate increase in the water table in and around the plant premises and has helped in reducing evaporation loss of lake water while also diminishing flooding during peak monsoon.
Water Consumption of TML
Environmental Stewardship Sustainability Report 2015-16
Effluent Treatment through Reverse Osmosis at Pune
Because of the increasing cost of industrial raw water and the need to conserve water a precious natural resource has compelled to recycle the industrial effluent and sewage back for re-use in process.
In todays time various methods are available for for tertiary treatment of effluent, of which Reverse Osmosis using different kinds of membranes is widely used.
But there are certain constrained in adopting the technology which involves high energy cost, variability in feed (treated effluent) characteristics, high cost of membranes, skilled manpower for operation
Tata motors limited had a challenge to set up a effluent recycling system at Pune location but by collaborating with OEM related to set up of RO plant which uses their patented plate and tube type membrane. Permeate from RO plant is blended with raw water from utility and re-used in manufacturing process. In FY 2015-16 a total of 1,00,672m3 of treated effluent was re-cycled back into the process leading to significant cost savings.
In order to save fresh water consumption, rainwater harvesting taken in big way across all manufacturing plants. Channels and drains have been setup so as to make maximum utilisation of the available plant area to harvest rain water.
And for any new constructionalso rain water harvesting is made.
Hence,harvestedrain water not only helps us offset the withdrawal of water from surface / river / ground, it also helps us realise cost savings. Going ahead we are exploring the potential to increase the amount of rain water we can harvest and utilise it in an even better way.
Also there is another method of reducing the withdrawal of fresh water is by recycling and reusing the effluent generated from processes and domestic use.All the tata motors plant in india basically comply on zero discharge agenda except at Jamshedpur where waste water teated is partly used for cooling towers and gardening pupose and leftover is discharged into natural sources
Tata motors have reused 2,41,933 m3 effluent back to manufacturing process after tertiary treatment at Pune, Pimpri and Pantnagar, while at Jamshedpur 3,27,116 m3 was recycled as top up for cooling process. Together, they represent nearly 13.22% of our fresh water withdrawal for the year 2015-16. In this journey of reducing water footprint also added the Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant at Lucknow and also upgraded our ETP infrastructure at Jamshedpur.
Water Recycled at TML(%)
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has notified Section 135 and Schedule VII of the Companies Act 2013 (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy).
With effect from April 2014,1 ,every company whether private or public limited and is having either worth of Rs 500 crore or a turnover of Rs 1,000 crore or net profit of Rs 5 crore, needs to spend at least 2% of its average net profit for the immediately preceding three financial years on corporate social responsibility activities
CSR activities must be with respect to any of the activities mentioned in Schedule VII of the 2013 Act. CSR activities should not be confused with any political party and also activities only in India would be considered for computing CSR expenditure.
The CSR Rules are basically is to broaden the ambit for compliance obligations to include the holding and subsidiary companies as well as foreign companies India .
The are many activities which companies fulfil through CSR obligations like removing hunger, orphans and the senior citizens ,poverty and malnutrition, promoting education and promoting gender equality ,promoting preventive healthcare, setting up homes for women, ensuring environmental sustainability and ecological balance, animal welfare, protection of national heritage and art and culture, measures for reducing inequalities faced by socially and economically backward groups ,measures for the benefit of armed forces veterans, war widows and their dependents, training to promote rural, nationally recognized, Paralympic or Olympic sports, contribution to the prime minister’s national relief fund or any other fund set up by the Central Government for socio economic development and relief and welfare of SC, ST, OBCs, minorities and women, contributions or funds provided to technology incubators located within academic institutions approved by the Central Government and rural development projects.
However, in determining CSR activities preference to be given to local areas and the areas nearby where the company operates.
So to formulate and also monitor the CSR policies of the company A CSR board of committee is formed under section 135 of ACT 2013 in which three directors including one independent director.
Organization CSR activities can be taken up through registered trust or society and can established its subsidiary, holdings and other associate companies, but company should have proper mechanism for its reporting and monitoring activities to be undertaken
Multiple companies can also collaborate with each other for jointly taking up CSR activities provided individual company to provide a report on such projects.
1. A company can build CSR capabilities of its personnel or implementation agencies through institutions with established track records of at least three years, provided that the expenditure for such activities does not exceed 5% of the total CSR expenditure of the company in a single financial year.
2. The Board’s report under sub-section (3) of section 134 will disclose the composition of the Corporate Social Responsibility Committee.
3. The Corporate Social Responsibility Committee shall, —
a. formulate and recommend to the Board, a Corporate Social Responsibility Policy which shall indicate the activities to be undertaken by the company as specified in Schedule VII;
b. Also recommend the total expenditure to be incurred on the activities referred to in clause (a); and
c. Close measurement and monitor the Corporate Social Responsibility Policy of the company from time to time.
4. The Board of every company referred to in sub-section (1) shall, —
a. formulate and recommend to the Board, a Corporate Social Responsibility Policy which shall indicate the activities to be undertaken by the company as specified in Schedule VII;after taking into account the recommendations made by the Corporate Social Responsibility Committee, approve the Corporate Social Responsibility Policy for the company and disclose contents of such Policy in its report and also place it on the company’s website, if any, in such manner as may be prescribed; and
b. ensure that the activities as are included in Corporate Social Responsibility Policy of the company are undertaken by the company.
5. The Board of every company referred to in sub-section (1), shall ensure that the company spends, in every financial year, at least two per cent of the average net profits of the Company made during the three immediately preceding financial years,in pursuance of its Corporate Social Responsibility Policy: – Provided that the company shall give preference to the local area and areas around it where it operates, for spending the amount earmarked for Corporate Social Responsibility activities:
– Provided further that if the company fails to spend such amount, the Board shall, in its report made under clause (o) of sub-section (3) of section 134, specify the reasons for not spending the amount.
The Policy says that t corporate social responsibility is not only a compliance; rather a commitment to support initiatives that improve the lives of underprivileged by following and focusing areas as notified under Section 135 of the Companies Act 2013 and Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules 2014:
1)Promotion of Education
2)Eradication of Extreme Hunger and Poverty
3)Gender Equity and Women Empowerment
4)Combating HIV-AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
6)Social Business Projects