SERVENT LEADERSHIP IS A BETTER MODEL FOR LEADERSHIP
A leader is a person who has the ability to motivate a group of people to act towards in achieve common goal CITATION Mar17 l 1033 (Gordon, 2017). In the current business world, the leadership skills have become crucial in both organizational and personal development. Therefore, it is an essential method in management through which the business could be able to maximize its productivity while achieving the pre determined objectives. Nevertheless, due to the significance of the leadership skills to present business organization, there are various studies that have been carried on the subject matter and accordingly, number of theories have been put forward by scholars on different leadership styles. Therefore, different styles including transformational leadership, charismatic leadership, situational leadership, bureaucratic leadership, laizzie faire leadership, autocratic leadership, servant leadership are different styles which are used in different organizations. There is no doubt that different business organizations are operated in different ways and consequently different leadership styles will be more successful in certain environments than others. On the other hand, the servant leadership style is one of the evolving leadership style which is being concentrated by many leaders in current context and accordingly the paper discusses about the servant leadership and its suitability in present dynamic and multifaceted business environment CITATION Lar10 l 1033 (Spears, 2010).
The servant leadership is a viewpoint which focuses on sharing the power. Therefore, the servant leader put the needs of the employees as first priority and let those employees to improve their performance as much as possible. In view of that the leader exists to serve the employees and not the employees exist to serve the leader. Therefore, it is a attitude which is different from existing leadership theories as most of traditional theories focus on exercising power by one at the top of the power pyramid. Nonetheless it does not mean that the leader purely become a servant while losing leadership qualities. The servant leader is a balance role between leader and a servant. Thus, such person will not lose his/ her leadership qualities CITATION Rob11 l 1033 (Ruzzel, 2011).
The servant leader values the contribution of each and every person and further to that such person expects the view of others. On the other hand the servant leader wants to develop a culture of trust in his or her organization. Further to that servant leader identifies the value of copying. So, others will be led by servant leader while providing growth opportunities for them. In view of that it can be noted that the servant leader is not always leading the people, yet he / she is giving up the power while subbing others to lead. Another key quality of the servant leader is that the leader is helping to the employees to ensure their personal development as well. He/ she is caring about the lives of his/ her team and not just about their jobs. Humanity is one of the key driver for servant leader. The symbol of a servant leader could be identified as the encouragement. A true servant leader says, “Let’s go do it,” not, “You go do it.”. Instead of commanding and controlling people, the servant leader always focusing on persuading the people. Selfless quality is another key aspect of such leader. Further to that the servant leader is driven by long term vision and in view of that he/ she is willing to sacrifice some today to develop more for tomorrow CITATION Nan15 l 1033 (Kim, 2015). The key characters of the servant leader have been identified and it has been stated that communication is a key factor for such person. Another great strength of a servant leader is the ability for healing others. He is a person who relies on moral pressure rather than the positional people in decision making. The leader is typically sharply conscious and sensibly concerned and further such person is with their inner serenity CITATION Gre03 l 1033 (Stone, 2003).
The servant leader is able to be a more effective leader due to various reasons when comparing with the traditional leadership philosophies. The servant leader is focusing on the growth and well being of the employees and the community. More accountable and engaged team could be developed with the guidance of servant leader while bundling confidence and dedication among the people. On the other hand work life balance of the employees could be ensured under the servant leader and it could be able to create a family-like support system at work place. The employee retention could be enhanced and attrition could be reduced being employees are well satisfied and motivated under the servant leader. Ultimately, all these lead the business for higher profitability and productivity as a whole CITATION Gre03 l 1033 (Stone, 2003).
The servant leadership style is expected to be more useful and effective in a business place. It has to be noted that an autocratic style of leadership could be a root cause for hostility among employees. On the other hand democratic style of leadership could also occasionally be a reason for opposing points of view to be lost or distorted to fit the needs of the group. Nevertheless the servant leadership style assists each and every employee of the organization to grow up. Accordingly it assists for a tailored management approach for each and every diverse member of the team and in view of that it could assist to maintain the cohesiveness of the team. When concern about the transactional leadership it could be noted that such style does not encourage the creativity . On the other hand since they are operating within set of rules and regulations, those leaders do not concern about the emotions of the employees as long as the work done by them. Nevertheless, he/ she is a person who can bring the vision of the organization in to the employees in a successful manner while increasing productivity and cutting the cost. Yet, it has to be noted that due to the severe competition in the market, creativity and employee motivation play a important role in determining success of any organization. In view of that it can be noted the transactional leaders are not effective in all situations in current active business context CITATION Umm15 l 1033 (Sultana, 2015). In contrast when concern about the laizzie faire style to leadership, it is apparent that such approach has the ability to encourage the people for their personal development and allows the experienced team to use their experience obtained throughout the career path. Nonetheless, such leaders may fail to adapt to the changing requirements being the employees are completely tasks independent. Further to that the likelihoods of litigation happening are enlarged in laissez-faire due to the fact that workforces have an active defense if they are fired for unskillfulness CITATION Mar17 l 1033 (Gordon, 2017). The leader also simply delegate the work and expect those works to be completed on time without providing required guidelines. Accordingly it is apparent that most of such traditional leadership styles are not suitable in the current business context due to the changing nature and severe competition. Unless the leader has the capacity to motivate the employees, encourage the creativity and innovativeness, encourage the adaptability etc. such business organization will not be able to ensure its survival and growth. Thus servant leadership style plays a vital role in that aspect and due to that it has become one of the most suitable leadership approach to the dynamic and complex business organizations in present business environment.
Nevertheless, it has to be noted that the servant leadership also have several drawbacks to be considered. One of the main argument is that the servant leadership concept is not align with the basic business structure. Generally the leaders need to represent the interest of top management of the organization and not employees. Despite the fact part of the manager’s job is to inspire and sustenance good employee performance and behavior, literal service to employees goes against intrinsic business structures. On the other hand it may lead to demotivation of the employees in certain instances. By the time when employees identify that their manager will step in to be careful of any requirements they have or when they know that the manager is there to solve the matters that could rise, they are more interested to sit back and employ less energy in constructing excellence and put less thought into resolving issues or conflicts. Further more it could lead to a minimization of the authority as well in certain instance. When the employee realize that their leader is catering to them to fulfill their needs in extreme manner, there is a risk that those employees may not see the leader as authoritative figure. Finally it has to be noted that the leader may not be able to articulate the vision of the organization to his/ her employees due to such reason CITATION Rob161 l 1033 (Greenleaf, 2016). On the other hand when concern about the transformational leadership it can be noted that transformational leaders are able to promote their vision among the employees in effective manner while promoting enthusiasm. Despite of such advantages, the style has its own disadvantages as well. Accordingly it can be noted that such leaders might overlook the reality and truth and due to that, they may become over reliance which will restrict their preparedness to delve into research and logical reasoning to face exacting truths about the circumstances of their respective organizations CITATION DrD10 l 1033 (Jiang, 2010).
Therefore, it can be noted that the servant leadership is an emerging leadership philosophy which has become popular in current business context. In general, servant leadership refers to the leader of a group leads by example and delivers straight assistance to his/ her juniors. Nevertheless in a set of management, it refers to the manager of a work group or department agents tasks to the group and then delivers support, such as research, gathering supplies and running errands. In comparison with existing leadership ideas. The servant leadership approach has been able to generate number of advantages to the business organization and the employees. Nonetheless, it has to be noted that such approach is also backed by number of disadvantages as discussed above. So, if the leader is able to focus more on such lawbreakers, the servant leadership can be identified as the most effective and sustainable leadership style in current complex business environment in comparison with the traditional leadership styles.
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