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Prepared by: Aamna Ikram Abbasi
Unit 1.1
LO 1
A.C 1.1 Explain what is meant by healthy eating.

Support healthy lifestyles for children through the provision of food and nutrition.

What is healthy eating?
Healthy eating is a healthy diet which gives your body a balanced mixture of food that provides nutrients, energy and helps to improve overall health, this plays a major role in our physical growth.

What is included in a healthy diet?
Healthy diet provides body with the essential nutrition.

Eat at least 5 portions of a variety of fruits and vegetables every day, instead of having full fat dairy we can go for low fat and low sugary items.

Eating fish, meat, beans, and eggs will help us a lot with the intake of proteins.

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What food should we avoid?
Chocolates, more sugary, oily food which includes junk food such as burger, French fries, nuggets and etc.

Portions of healthy food:
Proteins: helps in growth of body.

Fats: energy giving foods.

Water: helps our body get rid of liquid waste in form of sweat and urine.

Carbohydrates: are also the energy giving foods.

Dietary fiber: helps to get rid of undigested food.

Minerals & vitamins: protect our body from diseases.

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A diet which contains all the nutrients in right portions is known as healthy diet.
This is our duty to give the knowledge of healthy eating to children from a very young age, this really matters that what a mother eats while she is breastfeeding her child. Nowadays there are many cases of kids getting obese, high sugar level, many other diseases which their bodies cannot fight against because of their poor diet. This situation can lead them to depression, lack of motivation, lack of interest in physical development.
In many cases kids commit suicide because of being obese they start disliking themselves and the world around them.

To avoid such situations we have to help the young ones choose what is healthy/ unhealthy or what is good or bad for their body.

A.C 1.2 Evaluate national and local initiatives which promote healthy eating.

National and local initiatives which promote healthy eating are as follows:
The eat better, start better programme
Feeding young imagination
The schools fruit and vegetable scheme
Eat smart, play smart
Cool milk
The children’s food campaign
Nursery milk scheme
Change4life
A.C 1.3 describe food and drink requirements in relation to current framework
In early years setting which are providing meals, drinks and snacks should be a balanced diet.

Before admitting the child each and every information like food allergies or any special dietary should be obtained.

Fresh drinking water should be available all the times.

Staff involved in handling and preparing food must be well trained in food hygiene.

LO 2
A.C 2.1 Explain the impact on health and development of food choices during:
Pre-pregnancy and pregnancy:
If you are planning to have a baby then you first need to think if you are overweight or not? Because, it is a big problem for you to conceive with heavy weight. Aim to get an appropriate weight by eating a varied diet that is full of fresh and good food. Always avoid over/under eating.

What do you need to eat?
Fresh and homemade food is always a best option. It contains salt, sugar or fat as per your taste diet or choice. Include fruits and vegs for vitamin, fiber, for carbs take bread, grains, potato, dairy products especially milk for calcium in your body, eggs, pulses and fish for protein you also need to eat food which contains fatty acids and of course don’t forget your fluids.
What not to eat or drink during pre-pregnancy?
. Alcohol
. Caffeine
. Processed foods
. Carbs and sugary item
(RESEARCH) why is it advised not to drink alcohol or smoke?
Quit alcohol and give up smoking if you are pregnant or you want to conceive
It can lead to long term harm to the baby, the more you will drink the greater the risk is.

Low birth weight.

Premature birth.

Smoking on the other side is also harmful for baby as well as yourself. It can lead to cot death, miscarriage or breathing problems.

Breastfeeding:
You don’t need to eat any special food while you are breastfeeding just follow a balanced diet which includes some proteins, fruits and vegs, dairy products, starchy foods and water. However you should be careful because traces of whatever you drink or eat can get into breast milk.

LO 3
A.C 3.1 Explain the nutritional value of the main food groups.

Food can be divided into different groups as per their nutritional values. It is wise in whatever diet you take to know the food you’re eating and how are they processed by our body. Below are the common food categories:
Fruits and vegetables
Carbs
Dairy products
Proteins
Fats
A.C 3.2 Use current government guidance to identify the nutritional needs of babies until they are fully weaned.

Babies should be breastfed or given formula milk until they are at least six months old then a baby can be weaned. It is important for babies to get right amount of vitamin D, process of weaning should be started about six months because unless they are bottle fed their natural source of iron would have run out. Babies and children until the age of 5 should be given the vitamin D drops.

Until the baby is fully weaned which is about 12 months old food or fluids like honey, salt sugary foods, uncooked eggs, liver etc. should be avoided.
A.C 3.3 Explain how to plan a weaning programme.

When you are planning a weaning programme, it is important to remember that each stage is important as it will help the baby to learn the skills of each. There are two types of weaning:
Traditional weaning:
Parents feed their child using baby food or food made by parents, they feed their babies using a plastic spoon by mashing the food.

Whilst baby lead weaning:
Is a type where parents don’t feed their child instead they allow the child to experience the food. When your child is of six months old start your weaning programme as it is the best time.

(RESEARCH) Foods to avoid during weaning are:
Adult food like gravy or sauces.

Low fat foods
High fiber foods
Tea, coffee, flavored milk
Honey
Nuts and seeds.

A.C 3.4 Discuss the nutritional requirements of the children aged:
1-2 years
Can eat mashed rice including pulses, chicken, crushed apple, mashed or whole banana, boiled meat and vegs mashed, curry dipped with chapatti, cereal and oats with chopped fruits.

2-3 years
Rice, steamed vegs, beans, all fresh juices and milkshakes.
3-5 years
Can eat everything but always avoid junk food, they should consume a balanced diet.

5-7 years
Should eat five portions of fruits/ vegs a day. They can also eat everything excluding junk. Only fresh food will help their body to grow better.

A.C 3.5 Explain strategies to encourage healthy eating.

No matter you have a teen or a toddler always try your best to have a regular family meal, involve kids in the process, if you are eating healthy your child will also eat healthy, always serve a variety of healthy food and snacks.
Presentation matters a lot, this really depends on how you are presenting the food. Kids always love to try food which attracts them.

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LO 4
A.C 4.1 Explain the impacts of poor diet on children’s health and development in the:
Long term effects:
Heart diseases, type II diabetes, high blood pressure, low self-esteem, depression and chronic illness are a few forms.

A poor diet is full of fat, processed foods and sugar. Children are growing so it is difficult to tell sometimes if they are overweight or not.

Whereas the short term effects can affect:
Sleep
Energy
Mood
Indigestion
LO 5
A.C 5.1 Identify reasons for:
Special dietary requirements
There are different reasons of special dietary requirements as every child requires different type of a diet which may include their likes, dislikes or sometimes allergy to some food, or the reasons can be:
Eating disorders
Children and young people with other additional support needs.

Nut free diet
Children with high energy requirements.

Gluten free diet
Egg free diet
Special dietary products
Religious/personal consideration
Personal preferences
Schools/ nurseries may have a child with special dietary needs. So, it is very important to know about each and every child’s food requirement.
Sharing records with regard to special dietary requirements.

Everyone has different food requirements sometimes due to their culture, taste, tradition, likes, dislikes, allergies to food and much more. But, to be on a safer side it is our duty to keep a record of what a child can/can’t eat.

Parents are responsible to inform the school about their child’s special dietary need. Schools/ nurseries should have a proper record every time in front of them, this helps them a lot during snack time or kitchen activities.

A.C 5.2 Role of early year’s practitioner in meeting children’s individual dietary requirements and preferences.

For a practitioner this is really very important to discuss with parents to be aware if their child has any allergies or specific religious, cultural food requirements. After this it is the responsibility of a practitioner to ensure that they have regard for these when providing any food involving activity or snacks.

On the other side practitioner also needs to ensure that they consider the:
Welfare of children
Children’s right
Long term effect of diet
Providing a good role model.

A.C 5.3 Describe the benefits of working in partnership with parents/carers in relation special dietary requirement.

In order of special dietary requirement working in partnership with parents or carers is always beneficial to a practitioner as parents are the first ones who can get to know that what the special food needs of their child are. From working in partnership the practitioner will know about the child’s dietary requirement and medical condition as well, seek for an advice from medical personnel and a teacher is always updated.
Aamna Ikram Abbasi

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