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In Arthur Miller’s, The Crucible, the townspeople are afraid of witchcraft in the Puritan society of early America. In some ways, this is similar to McCarthyism in America in the 1950’s. McCarthyism was the fear of communism that was promoted by Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy. This was a time of fear after World War II in 1950-1954. McCarthy conducted hearings accusing people who were suspected of being related to communism. During the hearings, McCarthy forced others to say names of other “known followers” of communism, and if they refused to give names they were imprisoned.
The Crucible was based on the Salem Witch Trials. This era had the same tactics of dealing with the supposed followers as McCarthyism, but in the Crucible, it was for witchcraft. Many people were accused of witchcraft and put to death for being unable to deny the accusations. The Salem Witch Trials in The Crucible and McCarthyism were both examples of false accusations and intolerance.
The Crucible and McCarthyism were both fueled by fear. In the beginning of the Crucible, Abigail, a woman who was in love with John Procter, began accusing people of being affiliated with witchcraft and communicating with the devil. She said, “She made me do it! She made Betty do it. She makes me drink blood!” (The Crucible) Abigail blamed Tituba about being a part of witchcraft and it soon let to her death because she couldn’t plead innocent.

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