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GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
Chandkheda, Ahemdabad
Affiliated
Dr. S & S.S. GANDHY GOVERNMENT ENGINEERING COLLEGE-SURAT
Project Report on
ANALYSIS OF CAR PARKING TOWER
B.E. SEMESTER 7th
(DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING)
Submitted by Group ID (11904)
Sr.no. Student name Enrollment No
1 GHUMALIYA NILESH 150230119015
2 LIMBAD KARAN 150230119024 3 PATEL YASH 150230119039
4 VARMA DEVENDRA 150230119062
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Dr. S & S.S. GANDHY GOVERNMENT ENGINEERING COLLEGE SURAT
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project entitled
ANALYSIS OF CAR PARKING TOWER
Sr.no. Student name:- Enrollment no:-
1 GHUMALIYA NILESH 150230119015
2 LIMBAD KARAN 150230119024
3 PATEL YASH 150230119039
4 VARMA DEVENDRA 150230119062
In partial fulfillment of the requirement for the PROJECT-1 in Department of Mechanical Engineering of Dr. S &S.S. Ghandhy Government Engineering College, surat is recorded on their own work carried out under my supervision and guidance. The matter embodied here is not being submitted elsewhere for award of any degree.

Guided By H.O.D EXTERNALGUIDE:
P.R.PATEL V.D. DHIMAN
Acknowledgement
I would sincerely like to appreciate continuous support, excellent direction, important suggestions provided by our guide Prof. P.R.PATEL, Department of Mechanical, Government Engineering College. Through out our project work. They have provided me support of a kind that inspired confidence in us to fulfill this target and it will also help us to develop and contribute our self to the field of Mechanical Engineering in future.he himself is a hardworking, highly professional individual and he has inspired us a lot by his own example of hard work and sincerity and he has been tremendously supportive and inspiring us throughout our project work.

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As a mentor, prof. P.R.PATEL has always encouraged us to realize our potential and to follow and accomplish target that would be difficult to achieve single handedly. We are also deeply grateful to prof. P.R.PATEL. We greatly appreciate their thoughtful suggestion and constructive criticism of this work.

Our deepest gratitude goes to our beloved parent and our whole family for their unwavering moral support and encouragement in successful completion of our project work.

GHUMALIYA NILESH
LIMBAD KARAN
PATEL YASH
VARMA DEVENDRA
INDEX
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Problem Summary
1.2 Aim and Objective of the Project
1.3 Problem Specifications
1.4 Brief literature review
1.5 Plan of project
CHAPTER 2: DESIGN
2.1 Design Methodology
2.2 Design Analysis
2.3 Design Implementation
CHAPTER 3: IMPLEMENTATION
3.1 Results
3.2 Snapshot/Picture of Modelling Image/Diagrams
CHAPTER 4: SUMMARY
4.1 Advantages
4.2 Scope of Project
4.3 Features Of Project
REFERENCES
APPENDIX
INTRODUCTION
Problem Summary
With the development of the transport, the traffic is more and more crowed. And another reason which is the price of the vehicle is cheaper. So much more people can buy the cars, thus, the road is more crowd, people should park their cars which need a lot of area, so we can see lots of parking lots in the city, but the classical parking system cannot reach the requirements nowadays. So, we should a new parking system. So, in this report, we will introduce a new parking lot and system, which includes the modelling, programming, material stress analysis and motors. At first, we reference the classical parking lots and some new parking lots. We find some problem about them which have not enough area and nonautomated. Thus, we design a dimensional parking lot with programming. Which can realize automatic. Secondly, we use the inventor 2017 to build the model and analysis about stress concentration. We also use inventor to simulation the action about our parking lot. In the model, we use the hydraulic system to drive the lift, which can up and down to park the cars, and we create a new system to fix the wheels to make sure the cars cannot move in the movement procedure. Finally, our parking lot is an automatic and dimensional project. We will show you much more detail about our project, we hope our project will improve the parking lots to make people’s life better and convenient.

History
 
The earliest use of an APS was in Paris, France in 1905 at the Garage Rue de Ponthieu. The APSconsisted of a groundbreaking multi-story concrete structure with an internal elevator to transportcars to upper levels where attendants parked the cars.In the 1920s, a Ferris wheel-like APS called a paternoster system became popular as it could park eight cars in the ground space normally used for parking two cars. Mechanically simplewith a small footprint, the paternoster was easy to use in many places, including inside buildings.At the same time, Kent Automatic Garages was installing APS with capacities exceeding morethan a 1,000 cars.

APS saw a spurt of interest in the U.S. in the late 1940s and 1950s with the Bowser, Pigeon Holeand Roto Park systems. In 1957, 74 Bowser, Pigeon Hole systems were installed, and some ofthese systems remain in operation. However, interest in APS in the U.S. waned due to frequentmechanical problems and long waiting times for patrons to retrieve their cars, Interest in APS inthe U.S. was renewed in the 1990s, and there are 25 major current and planned APS projects(representing nearly 6,000 parking spaces) in 2012.

While interest in the APS in the U.S. languished until the 1990s, Europe, Asia and CentralAmerica had been installing more technically advanced APS since the 1970s. In the early 1990s,nearly 40,000 parking spaces were being built annually using the paternoster APS in Japan. In2012, there are an estimated 1.6 million APS parking spaces in Japan.

The ever-increasing scarcity of available urban land (urbanization) and increase of the number ofcars in use have combined with sustainability and other quality-of-life issues to renew interest inAPS as alternatives to multi-story parking garages, on-street parking and parking lots.

1.1.2 Different Type of Automated Car parking Systems:
There are mainly seven different types of automated car parking system:
AGV systems
Crane systems
Puzzle systems
RGC systems
Shuttle systems
Silo systems
Tower systems
1.2 Aim and Objective of the project
Nowadays, more and more vehicle is created over the world, especially cars. They play a vital role in our daily life, but there is something wrong with the cars, we do not have enough place to park the cars. So, we build a lot of parking lots, but we still cannot put all cars in it, we just park our cars on the road which is a terrible feeling for everyone. We do not have an own parking space. We should spend much time to find the parking space, so we want to design a totally new parking system to be instead of the classical parking system.

1.3 Problem Specification
Over the world, especially in the big cities, it’s really hear for drivers to find a parking place, thus the parking lots cannot give enough space to everyone’s cars. So, we design an automatic and dimensional parking system, to help people to park their cars and improve people’s daily life.
About our project, we investigate varieties of parking lots which include a lot of problem, for instance, there are not enough space to park cars, the parking lots without programming, thus, people do not know if the parking space is empty or full, and people still drive by themselves to park. The three problems influence the city traffic and people’s daily life. We always see these parking lots.

1.5 Plan of Work
We researched some known and established papers for the different variations that can be applied on car parking hydraulic tower is more preferable rather than using normal parking systems.
Then we planned to use this in an analytic way of NX software and model it in the software, then meshing and synchronizing the model in NASTRAN.

The results would suggest what is the improvement on varies of what quantity and our analysis would be done.

CHAPTER 2: DESIGN
2.1 TOWER ROTORY TYPE PARKING SYSTEM

This system features a rotary mechanism that allows the system and all the cars travel in the rotary motion. With this motion the load, unload cycle is possible. This system is preferable for 8 to 12 cars
Tower-rotary type of mechanical parking equipment with a single power, and control, footprint, which is easy to operate, park the car fast and economical2. It is simple to operate with the driver parking and leaving the vehicle in the system at the ground level. Once the driver leaves the incorporated safety zone the vehicle is automatically parked by the system rotating to lift the parked car away from the bottom central position. Parking equipment through the programmable controller to control the operation of the equipment, the car can be parked on the platform with the chain for lifting movements, which can make any layer of the car on the rapid lift to the ground

2.2 Stacker type parking system
The parking lots with the platform to park the cars, which can also be used to up and down to realize multi-floor movement. This system features a typical storage system. This system has unique mechanism called stacker, it moves centrally and it has parking slot on its either sides. It has inbuild robotic mechanism that pull and push the car to and from the parking bay. Preferably, this system can be used in longitudinal parking area

Storage and claim of vehicles is realized by aisle stacker and storage column. Constructed with concrete or steel structure in full closure. Besides, it is characterized with automatic control, intelligent management, high security and flexible system plan, arranged on or underneath the ground. Mainly to reduce the lane area, increase the parking density, improve area utilization, but the actual application is still very little. Multi-level horizontal movement parking equipment can be built on the ground, can also be built in the ground, which is safety, reliability, high degree of automation, access to high efficiency, high space utilization.

²
AEIOU SUMMARY
ENVIROMENT
Humid
Rainy
Small area for parking
Sunny
INTERACTIONS
Driver
general public
Residental people
OBJECTS
Hydraulic elevator
Actuators
Gears
Car parking tower
Machine Control unit
ACTIVITIES
Material Selection
Cost estimation
Research
Guidance
USERS
Shopping mall
Business center
Residental area
Automobile industries
EMPATHISING CANVAS
USERS
Business area
High public area
Resident area
STAKEHOLDERS
Generator
Mechanics
Automobile company
ACTIVITIES
Easy to manufacturing
Hydrallic elevator
Easy to use
Less area needed for fourwheel parking
STORY BOARDING
Happy
Redusing car parking time
Higher of vehicles
Hastle of finding empty space for parking. We can get rid of it
More number of vehicles are parked inn less area
Sad
it is confusing to new users
it is not reccommanded for high pea hour volume facilities
there may be fear of breakdown
IDEATION CANVAS
People
At shopping complex
Residental area people
People at mall
Automobile engineer
Mechanical engineer
Activities
Keep away effect of erosion
Designing and planning
Constracting structure
Checking of stability of structure
Low manufacturing cost
Not required any special machinery
Situation/Context/Location
Traffic area
Easy to manufacture
Highly populated area
To help emergency vehicles
Props/Tools/Objects/Equipment
Supporting frame
Hydraulic elevator
Motor
Gear
Links
Housing
PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT CANVAS
PURPOSE
Low manufacturing
Easy to use
To solve parking prolem
Park efficiency with less area
To avoid being obstacles to emergency vehicles
PEOPLE
Parking at financial building
Mechanics
Automobile engineer
Mechanical engineer
PRODUCT EXPERIENCE
Happy
Satisfied
Security of vehicle
safety
PRODUCT FUNCTIONS
Portability of parts
Frictionless transmission
Lifting vehicles
Automated system
PRODUCT FEATURES
Antilock leaf spring
High parking efficiency
No wearing ; tearing at any part
COMPONENTS
Supporting frame
Actuators
Controller
Hydraulic elevator
MCU
CUSTOMER REVALIDATION
Part can easily interchange
Low cost
Completely frictionless system
CHAPTER 3: IMPLEMENTATION
Finite Element Analysis (FEA):
NX structure analysis is used for different type of stress induced in elbow mechanism while transmitting power from driving shaft to driven shaft.

Material s used for analysis of elbow mechanism are
1) CAST IRON
2) STEEL
As we have shown earlier in the report, after we had made the model with the mentioned specifications, for analyzing the stresses induced in our mechanism, as the second step of finite element analysis, meshing the models as shown below.

Mesh Model of elbow mechanism:
This is mesh model of mechanism, which is also done and furbished by “Mesh Mating” with given specifications, given materials and the specified mesh collector of material.

After making the mesh model of our mechanism, we moved to make the mesh model for shafts, links and housing. Which is also been used in “Mesh Mate”, given specified Mesh Collector of material, in 3D meshing.

A snapshot of Mesh Model for elbow mechanism is:
Boundary Conditions:
As we know, as the next important step after meshing in FEA, the boundary conditions are required in analysis.

Boundary conditions solve the matrix created for the problem. Here in our project, we have applied load and given required constraints for result.

1.Rotary fixed constrains on driven shaft
2.Giving torque
After solving the model that we have applied boundary conditions to, using the NX NASTRAN solver, we get the result.

For elbow mechanism with using 6 links with constrains and for cast iron the result of stress-Nodal Scale can be views as,
The snapshot is given:
CHAPTER 4: SUMMARY
4.1 Features and Scope of application
Both indoor and outdoor installation is possible, installation can be done on simply flat area without additional architectural work
Lift parking lot can reduce the lane area and increase the parking area utilize rate.

Mainly for the large area. Especially for both the request to solve the parking spaces and the ground can be made green, this device has been widely used
Applications
By virtue of their relatively smaller volume and mechanized parking systems, APS are often used in locations where a multi-story parking garage would be too large, too costly or impractical.717Examples of such applications include, under or inside existing or new structures, between existing structures and in irregularly shaped areas.

APS can also be applied in situations similar to multi-storey parking garages such as freestanding above ground, under buildings above grade and under buildings below grade.

Parking space width and depth (and distances between parking spaces) are dramatically reduced since no allowance need be made for driving the car into the parking space or for the opening of car doors (for drivers and passengers)
No driving lanes or ramps are needed to drive the car to/from the entrance/exit to a parking space
Ceiling height is minimized since there is no pedestrian traffic (drivers and passengers) in the parking area, and
No walkways, stairways or elevators are needed to accommodate pedestrians in the parking area.

Conclusion
We use hydraulic system to realize the automatic parking and taking cars, which help people to park their cars more convenient and more relaxing. 98 And about the parking space, we create the three floors, the ground one, the first one and the second one, perhaps, if someone need more parking space, our project may manufacture more floors to meet the requirements for people.

Results
The final design thus obtained is capable of transmitting torque and power at varied angles depending on the angular limitation of the hooks joint. With further research and advanced analysis in the design wide-ranging applications of the drive can be discovered. The model works correctly as per the design. With the help of this system, we can efficiently reduce the cost in power transmission and further advancement in this technology can be made
Reference
S. Formentin, D. Berretta, N. Urbano, I. Boniolo, P. D. Filippi, and S. M. Savaresi, “A Parking Assistance System for Small-Scale Boats,” IEEEASME Trans. Mechatron., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1844–1849, Dec. 2013.

“Relations between operational method and traffic accident of circular intersection in Korea – ProQuest.” Online. Available: http://search.proquest.com/openview/cd0752e6081271e230e2d88c3ea1e2 71/1?pq-origsite=gscholar;cbl=1496355. Accessed: 09-May-2017.

A. M. M. Liu, “Residential satisfaction in housing estates: a Hong Kong perspective,” Autom. Constr., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 511–524, Apr. 1999.
A. P. Chrest, M. Smith, S. Bhuyan, M. Iqbal, and D. R. Monahan, Parking Structures: Planning, Design, Construction, Maintenance and Repair. Springer Science ; Business Media, 2012.
M. Aia and S. Sanders, The Parking Garage. Design and Evolution of A Modern Urban Form. 2007.

T. Hongyu and Z. Ziyi, “Design and Simulation Based on Pro/E for a Hydraulic Lift Platform in Scissors Type,” Procedia Eng., vol. 16, pp. 772–781, Jan. 2011.

APPENDIX
PROJECT PROGRESS REPORT:-1

PROJECT PROGRESS REPORT:-2

PROJECT PROGRESS REPORT:-3

PROJECT PROGRESS REPORT:-4

DESIGN ENGINEERING CANVAS
AEIOU SUMMARY CANVAS

IDEATION CANVAS

EMPATHY CANVAS

PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT CANVAS
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