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During the so-called “struggle for Africa”, almost all countries were colonized by foreign states. Only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent, an interesting fact.
In Africa, there are 54 countries and one disputed territory called Western Sahara.
Prior to the beginning of colonization in Africa, there were up to 10,000 different states and autonomous tribes with their own languages, customs and culture.
Official statistics say: the most popular language on the continent is Arabic. Over 170 million people speak it. The second most popular language is English (130 million people), followed by Swahili (100 million people), French (115 million people), and Hausa (50 million people), an interesting fact.
On the continent speak in 2000 languages.
About 50% of Africans are under 25 years of age.
According to demographic trends, by 2050 the population of Africa will more than double – up to 2.3 billion people.
Africa is the poorest and most undeveloped continent in the world, an interesting fact. The total GDP of all countries in Africa is only 2.4% of world GDP.
About 40% of the adult population in Africa do not have a secondary education.
Giraffes at the watering place
During the Second Congolese War, more than 5.4 million people died! By the number of victims this conflict is second only to World War II, an interesting fact.
There are more Internet users in New York than in all of Africa.
The Sahara is the largest desert in the world! Its territory is larger than the continental part of the USA .
Africa is the second most dry continent after Australia.
On the African continent, more than 1 million Chinese citizens. In one Angola, there are more than 350,000 Chinese, an interesting fact.
Africa is the second largest continent in the world and occupies about one-fifth of the total area of ??terrestrial land. Its territory is about 30.2 million km²
A terrible fact about Africa: on the continent, there are more than 25 million people infected with HIV. At the moment, more than 17 million people have already died from this disease.
Approximately 90% of all malaria cases in the world occur in Africa, an interesting fact.
Africa is the hottest continent in the world. Deserts and arid areas occupy more than 60% of its area.
Typical landscapes of Africa
Interesting facts: Africa has more than 30% of the Earth’s mineral resources.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa. Its population is 125-145 million people. Egypt is the second most populous country with more than 76 million people – an interesting fact.
Algeria is the largest country in Africa. Its area is 2500 thousand km 2 . The smallest country is the island state of the Seychelles with a total area of ??just over 453 square kilometers.
Interesting facts: Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater lake in the world. Its area is 69,490 km 2 .
Egypt is the most popular tourist destination in Africa, attracting about 10 million visitors a year – an interesting fact.
In Africa, lives the world’s largest animal – an African elephant. It can weigh from 6 to 7 tons.
Scientists believe that Africa was once part of a single super-continent called Pangea. Asia and South America separated from Africa about 80 million years ago. The African continent remains relatively stable and has not been changed for a long time. Geologists believe that Madagascar separated from the African continent about 160 million years ago – an interesting fact.
The ancient Greeks and Romans originally used the term “Africa” ??only to the northern part of the continent. Translated from Latin, the word Africa means “sunny,” and from Greek, Aphrike means “without cold.”
Interesting facts: historians estimated that about 7-12 million slaves were transported from Africa to America between the 15th and 19th centuries.
Since 2001, all the countries of the continent, with the exception of Morocco , have entered the so-called “African Union” – an interesting fact.
Islam is the dominant religion in Africa. Together with Christianity, these two religions cover 85% of the continent’s population. The remaining 15% of the population are atheists and representatives of traditional African religions.
Interesting facts: Nigeria is the fourth largest exporter of oil in the world and the largest oil producer in Africa. Nigeria delivers to the world market about 2.2 million barrels every day.
China is Africa’s main trading partner. The volume of trade is about $ 200 billion a year, an interesting fact.
The peoples of Africa
China’s direct investment in Africa exceeds $ 50 billion.
More than 90% of African soils are unsuitable for agriculture.
Interesting facts: more than 240 million Africans suffer from chronic malnutrition.
Among the peoples of Africa, there are small and tall people in the world.
Equatorial Guinea is the richest country in Africa. GDP per capita is $ 16.507. Botswana ranks second with a GDP of $ 14,906. Last place is Zimbabwe with $ 589 per year, an interesting fact.
Chad is the second fastest growing economy in the world.
Unfortunately, the top 10 poorest countries in the world are in Africa.

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