CYBER SECURITY AND INCREASING CYBER CRIMES IN OUR COUNTRY
Whenever we talk about cyber threats our mind usually revolves around cyber security. The term cyber security means “protection to theft or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data or disruption of the services they provide”. Our country is moving forward towards digital India where private sector public sector and individuals are dependent on internet for carrying sensitive transactions. This makes our country vulnerable to cybercrimes and thus cyber security plays a very important role in protecting our information. Cyber security ensures the confidentiality, availability and integrity of information system by preventing any loss from cyber security attacks .As our nation is building its cyber infrastructure it is important that we should educate people to work properly with this infrastructure. This paper discusses about cyber security and increasing cybercrimes in our country. It also discusses about the impact and challenges of cyber threats on the society and digital India.
Keywords- cybercrimes, cyber security, challenges to society, Facebook data breach
Internet is one of the fastest-growing areas of technical infrastructure development.it plays a very important role in our life not only in communications and work but also conducting various online transaction like in online shopping or transferring of money from one account to another or making payments. Today most of the people are dependent on internet for their work that is why it is prone to various cybercrimes and thus this field requires high degree of security for safer and best transactions.
India is trying to move towards a digital country where public sectors and private sectors and individuals depend on internet to carry classified and sensitive information. This makes our country vulnerable from cybercrimes and thus Cyber security plays a very important role in protecting our information from cyber attackers who can easily steal and destroy highly classified information. Many business organizations have installed various antivirus software’s and firewalls to protect their systems from cybercrimes but these are not enough to protect their data from stealing. They need to take reasonable steps to protect their data systems and privacy of their clients.
Cyber security depends upon the decisions that people take during the installation and setting up of the computers and internet. Cyber-security covers physical protection (both hardware and software) of personal information and technology resources from unauthorized access which is gained through technological means. Albert Einstein was quoted as saying ”Problems cannot be solved with the same level of awareness that created them”. The problem of End-User mistakes cannot be solved by adding more technology; it has to be solved with a joint effort and partnership between the Information Technology community as well as the general business community.
The main objectives of the study are:
To analyse increasing cybercrimes in India and problems associated with it
To create awareness about cyber security
Cybercrimes in India
From last 3 years cybercrimes in India have been risen by 300%. In February 2018 it was reported that home ministry website was hacked. While officials denied of this it was found that between January and February 2017 total 39 government websites were hacked.
According to ministry of electronics and information technology the number of central and state government websites hacked has been increased from 164 in 2015 to 199 in 2016.
There is a 20.5 per cent increase in cybercrimes cases from 2014 to 2015 and 6.3 per cent increase in cybercrime cases from 2015 to 2016.
According to National Crime Records Bureau’s report in 2016 for 2015, 11,592 cases of cybercrime were registered in India, leading to 8,121 arrests .While Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of cybercrimes at 2,208, Maharashtra followed closely with 2,195. Tamil Nadu registered 177 cases in 2014 which falls down to 142 cases in 2015 and then it marginally increased to 146 in 2016. Among the metropolitan cities, Mumbai toped the chart with 980 cases followed by Bengaluru with 762 cases and Jaipur with 532 cases. Chennai was ranked 16th with 26 cases among the other cities.
According to reserve bank of India, a total of 13038,16468,13653 instances of fraud including debit card credit cards and internet banking during the year 2014-15,2015-16,2016-17. In April to September period of 2017 the cases reached up to 12250.
These figures does not represent the ground reality. These are just the 1% of the actual incidents. There is massive underreporting of cybercrime cases in India. People are afraid to come forward to report cybercrime due to several reasons and one of the main reasons is that there is a loop hole in our legal system. In 2008, all cybercrime offences except child pornography, breaching into other systems or cyber terrorism were made bailable offences. The hostility of police of reporting a cybercrime is similar as registering a crime against women,