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Cold war was a state of conflict between powers in the eastern block which includes the Soviet Union and its allies against powers in the western block which comprises of United States and its allies. It was characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare; in particular, however, this war changed US as a nation by introducing both foreign and domestic policies to protect the interest of American people. Central to America’s foreign policy was the containment of the Soviet Union and communism which led to the government increased spending in defense programs. A lot of tax payer’s money was spent on defense and expansion of industries related to war. Both sides created massive military forces and huge stockpiles of nuclear weapons which led to the arm race. This created fear among civilian population and subjected them to air raid drills by building bomb shelters that they hoped will protect them incase of attacks. The Cold War introduced an age of science innovation that would limit education, but also brought about programs that would expand man kind into the unknown of space. The government began to require employees to pledge an oath saying that one is not a communist, or has affiliation with one or any similar organization. Breaking this oath meant investigation and possibly a trial. Never before had something like this happened in American society

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