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center23002457459410012100center818008745855Laura Burns
Email address941009200Laura Burns
Email addresscenter700007484110Abstract
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center300003207385reflective case studyDocument subtitle
9410036300reflective case studyDocument subtitle

In my reflective account I will write about an individual I support who may show challenging behaviours. I will describe three development stages, and events that has happened during their life. The Data Protection Act 2018 states that disclosing personal information to third parties without a person’s consent is unlawful, because of confidentiality I shall refer to this person as M.

M is an alcoholic, he has alcohol related brain damage (ARBD) M has acquired this through long term drinking Schwarzinger, M (2018) M was taken into care at a young age, this was due to his absence from school and getting into trouble with the police. There were issues at home also, M’s father was an alcoholic and his mother suffered from depression, there was constant arguing and sometimes m’s father would hit his mother. M would witness these behaviours along with his siblings and most of the time they would have to take care of each other. M was taken into care at the age of eleven, in care M suffered physical and sexual abuse by his carers. He would often abscond from the care home, but would be brought back by the police. M once disclosed that he was being sexually abused to the police, but the police didn’t listen and took M back to the care home .M took a certain dislike to the police and lost any trust in the authorities. M started hanging about with the wrong crowd, he started drinking and taking drugs and getting in trouble with the law. M left care at the age of sixteen soon after M ended up in prison for committing various crimes, M would be in and out of prison through his adult life. M met the mother of his children during a period he was out of prison, M had good events happen in his life, this would be the birth of his nine children. Because M was in and out of prison M struggled to form attachments with his children he had a relationship similar to the one he had with his parents .

M was brought into the health and social care setting when he was 55 years old, M was unable to meet basic needs, keep himself safe and he would call the emergency services saying he was being attacked by little people running around in his living room. M would have hallucinations brought on by drink withdrawal, M could not recognise what was reality and what was not. M was placed under The Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000 (‘the Act’) was one of the earliest pieces of legislation to be passed by the Scottish Parliament. It provides a framework for safeguarding the welfare and managing the finances of adults who lack capacity due to mental disorder or inability to communicate.

Erik Erikson’s (1959) theory of psychosocial development has eight distinct stages, taking in five stages up to the age of 18 years and three further stages beyond, well into adulthood, I will talk about the trauma and resilence .

During each stage, the person experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome for personality development. For Erikson (1963), these crises are of a psychosocial nature because they involve psychological needs of the individual (i.e. psycho) conflicting with the needs of society (i.e. social).
Stage 5 Identity v’s Role confusion, it occurs during adolescence from about 12-18 years. During this stage, an adolescent search for a sense of self and personal identity, through an intense exploration of personal values, beliefs and goals. This is one of the first stages leading into adulthood, in this stage an adolescent experiences identity crisis, where the attempt to form their own identity and which path they are on. failure to reach your identity can lead to role confusion this can lead to limited and bad choices. At this stage in M’s life he experienced severe trauma through sexual abuse. His emotional needs were not being met ,M had no way of expressing his emotions , these should have been met by his family or care giver but he had no emotional support from his family or carers. This stage in an adolecencents like they would be attending school to learn and making friends . His cognitive needs were not being met as he was truanting school so he was not learning . M physical needs at this stage would be reaching puberty his body would be changing and hormones , but instead M was being sexually abused. At this stage Erik would say that m was going through an identity crisis and has a weak sense of self, this will Impact M in the later stages as he will carry this crisis into to the next stage.

Stage 6 Intimacy v’s Isolation, it occurs during young adulthood 18-40, at this stage a young adult will seek intimacy and form relationships with others. Intimacy for someone who has not dealt with the crisis from the stage before will find it hard to form relationships. A person who have been abused may set up boundaries to stop others getting close and forming relationships with them or they may have boundaries and let strangers close and may be easily taken advantage of. Without boundaries people who have been abused often end up in poor relationships which result in re-victimization (Davis 2000). During this stage in M’s life he has not been able to form a healthy relationship , his relationship with the mother of his children was very volatile , there was a lot of violence which contributed to his time in prison . His social needs and cultural needs at this stage have not always been met because of his time in prison ,occasionally his cognitive needs were met because M would attend literacy classes to improve his cognitive skills.

Schwarzinger,M.(2018).contribution of alcohol use disorders to the burden of dementia in france 2008-13; a nationwide retrospective cohort study.Lancet 3,3; Sabia, et al. (2018). Alcohol consumption and risk of dementia; a 23-year follow-up of Whitehall ll cohort study. BMJ 2018;362.Accessed 20/11/2018.
Mcleod, S. (2018, May03). Erik Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. Retrieved from hhtp://
Wurdenman,M.(2015).Impact of abuse through a child’s psychological development (online)Available; 20/11/2018

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