Alcohol is a psychotropic material with addictive characteristics that has been extensively used in numerous civilizations. Alcohol abuse leads to sickness, monetary and communal problems.
The variation in alcohol ingestion and associated injury depends on elements such as the prosperity of a nation, ethos, alcohol accessibility and the standard and usefulness of alcohol guidelines.
Alcohol-related harm is determined by the volume of alcohol consumed, the pattern of drinking, and, on rare occasions, the quality of alcohol consumed. Furthermore, alcohol is also a factor in more than 200 ailments such as alcoholism, liver cirrhosis and cancers. There also seems to be a link between alcohol consumption and tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS.
The global intake in 2010 was statistically 6.2 litres of uncontaminated alcohol ingested by each individual 15 years onwards, which comes to 13.5 grams of untainted alcohol per day. 24.8% of this intake was illicitly made or peddled separate from standard administrative authority. 50.1% of the documented global alcohol intake was ingested as liquor.
In 2009, 61.4 % of the world’s population didn’t ingest alcohol and the probability of a female abstaining from alcohol throughout her lifespan is greater than that of a male.
In 2012, approximately 3.3 million demises, or 5.9% of all worldwide demises, were due to alcohol ingestion. Furthermore, in 2012, 7.6% of quietus amid males and 4.0% of quietus amid females were due to alcohol. In 2012, 139 million DALYs (disability-adjusted life years), or 5.1% of the worldwide affliction of sickness and harm, were because of alcohol intake. Interestingly, the biggest percentage of quietus due to alcohol and DALYs was recorded in the WHO European Region (World Health Organization , 2014).
The global documented alcohol ingestion has been steady at 4-3-4.7 litres of uncontaminated alcohol per capita as 1990 (Figure 1.1). However, upsurges were discovered in the West Pacific and South East Asia (Figure 1.2) and high alcohol ingestion was found in all areas especially, in high income countries (Figure 1.3) (Global Health Observatory (GHO) Data, 2018).